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Wansimni New town

Development Type: New Town Developmnet

Type Of Developer: Public Private Partnership

Start Year: 2002

Address: Wangsimnidoseon-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul


Contributor: audex


Location Description
To the north is Cheonggyecheon Stream, and there is Sinseol-dong Station on Lines 1, 2 and Ui Singseol Line opposite Cheonggyecheon Stream. Seoul Central Market and Sindang Station on Lines 2 and 6 are located to the west. It is close to Dongdaemun Fashion Town and there is an E-Mart Cheonggye branch nearby. Sangwangsimni Station on Subway Line 2 is located in the south. To the east is Wangsimni Station, which includes Seoul Subway Lines 2, 5, Jungang Line and Bundang Line. There are Soongshin Elementary School and Doseon High School in the district.

Case Report


Wansimni New Town is a new town redevelopment project promoted in Sangwangsimni-dong and Hawangsimni-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul. Seoul New Town Project is the project to achieve the equality between regions of basic living service facilities and educational conditions, and to reduce the imbalance between autonomous districts in order to comprehensively promote urban functions. It combines several redevelopment zones and targets the entire scope of urban life affected by the implementation of the project. In October 2002, three districts, Eunpyeong, Gilum, and Wangsimni, were designated as pilot New Town districts.

Development Info.

Development Scale: District

Total Development Cost: Budgeted at 524.6 billion won

Total Land Area: 337,200㎡

Total Development Area: (Total Area) 978,078㎡

Area Type: Urban Area - Urban Residential Area

Start Date: 2002/10/01

Opening Date: 2014/06/01

Planning Approval: N/A / October 23, 2002

Lead Developer: SH Seoul Housing & Communities Corporation

Consultants: N/A


Economic Context

- The main goal of the New Town project is to bridge various gaps between the development of Gangnam area and the relatively underdeveloped Gangbuk area. - Since Yeongdong Development in 1968, various facilities in Gangbuk have been relocated to Gangnam for more than 20 years, and the introduction or development of new facilities has been extremely restricted for the Gangbuk area, which is the old city center. - The situation in Gangnam and Gangbuk was reversed as the Gangnam development project - Existing residential maintenance was mainly implemented as a small private-oriented individual maintenance project, making it difficult to develop projects linked to neighboring areas, and to improve the living environment due to limitations in the installation of urban infrastructure such as roads, parks and school sites. - As a result, the need has emerged to solve the problem of connecting infrastructure to surrounding areas, which emerged in individual projects units of private implementation, such as redevelopment and reconstruction, and to lay the foundation for securing infrastructure in terms of metropolitan living areas.

Social Context

- Buildings of various sizes, uses, and forms were complexly mixed, but partially clustered and connected. - It was so densely populated that even a small park for residential shelter could not be found, and only some facilities such as old churches, small churches, and kindergartens existed. - In particular, in the mid-1980s, restaurants selling alcohol and food based on tripe(Gopcahng) on the side of Majang-ro. - Residents were long-lived natives, immigrants who settled in Seoul after the Korean War.

Environmental Context

- Absolute lack of green space. - Residents called Wangsimni the worst air area in Korea. Iron powder from mold factories, dust from sewing plants, and briquettes gas from tripe streets filled Wangsimni. - The residential environment was worse as mold and machine factories were mixed with housing.

Historical Context

- Wangsimni was named after the anecdote that Buddhist monk Muhak came here to decide the capital in the early Joseon Dynasty and was taught by an old farmer who was transformed into Ambassador Doseon to go further 10ri(里). - During the Joseon Dynasty, Wangsimni was located in Seongjeosimni, outside Dongdaemun, and was famous for its vegetable supply into the capital. - During the Japanese colonial era period, the population began to aggregate and increase as it was incorporated into the capital. There were the poor, mainly low-class, and manual workers in the district. - Since 1930, textile and metal factories have been concentrated in the area. After the Korean War, more immigrants flocked. It still served as a background for supplying vegetables to the capital. Haejangguk restaurants flourished in relation to vegetable cultivation. - Since the 1970s, it has rapidly transformed into a domestic factory area, forming commercial districts such as restaurants, bars, and inns related to factories. - In the 1980s and 1990s, many buildings, including old hanoks, were demolished and multi-family buildings and row houses were constructed. The long-established changes in roads maintain their original shape, except for the expansion of the main boulevard around the area and the expansion of the horizontal and vertical roads for fire roads.

The Plan

Pre-planning Efforts

- Changed in the Seoul Metropolitan Government's Promotional Organization - Enacted the Seoul Metropolitan Government Ordinance on Supporting Balanced Regional Development

Vision Statement

Complex development in which commercial, business and residential functions are harmonized (Sorce:

Goals and Objectives

1. It will be an opportunity to shift to a paradigm of new urban development and have representation in the direction of future New Town planning. 2. Maintain the framework of the existing street network and urban spatial structure and preserve the historical meaning of the city and its relationship with the surrounding context. 3. To pursue public character by promoting rational planning through effective public role and inducing development as residential areas for urban common people. 4. Plan is presented to induce a pleasant environment that is environmentally friendly and sustainable. 5. A development plan shall be established that sufficiently collects various opinions of local residents.

Issues and Problems

- There are no elementary, middle and high schools in the district, so basic educational facilities are lacking. - Located 4km from the city center, it is located on the axis line between the city center and the city center. - An area that requires new eco-friendly development as an urban residential area along with the restoration project of Cheonggyecheon Stream. - Defective residences with low-rise high-density are located, so the residential environment needs to be maintained. - Absolutely insufficient green space - Poor residential environment because factories are mixed with housing

Benchmark Projects

- Nakashō Residential Complex in Kurashiki, Okayama - Hotakubo complex, one of Kumamoto's K.A.P. projects. - Nexus World Business - Makuhari Baytown, Chiba

Public Engagement Strategy

briefings, educational programs, residents' visits, residents' briefings, questionnaires, etc.

Financing Strategy

524.6 billion won (367.8 billion won for compensation, 156.8 billion won for construction)

Existing Community and Residents

- Residents' Meeting on 25th and 28th February, 2003. - Conversation with residents on 18th March - Resident Representative Meeting on 14th, 28th May and 28th-30th July - Final Residential Briefing on 26th September

Phasing Strategy

Procedures for the New Town project can be divided into planning and implementation stages. The planning stage is the process in which the basic development plan is determined in the designation of a district, and the implementation stage refers to the process of finalizing an implementation plan, including the process of changing urban plans and designating zones. - New Town Business District Designation - Development master plan - Implementation plan and project implementation

The Master Plan

1. Land Use Initiative -Wangsimni-gil, Cheonggyecheon-ro: Commercial and business functions -Sangwangsimni Station Area: Residential and Commercial Complex -Other Main Roads: Sales Facilities -Inner block: Residential function 2. OpenSpace Initiative - Consider the wide-area green axis of Dongdaemun Stadium park shoes and Ttukseom(뚝섬) park shoes - Consider linking with Cheonggyecheon Stream restoration - Connects open space with shipping elements to form an open space network - Organize an open space system in consideration of pedestrian flow 3. Street Networking - Maximum respect for major old street networks and existing street networks - Organize a street network system by partially expanding or newly establishing it, if necessary. - By suppressing access to vehicles as much as possible, the street network inside the block is used as a pedestrian priority road. 4. Utility layout configuration - Block-centered setting considering open space, pedestrian system, etc. - Place public facilities that can utilize open space at the center of each block - Places such as schools, parks, etc. that can be shared with neighboring areas

Land Uses and Programs

Rental Residential Facilities, Residential and Commercial Complex, Commercial, Business Complex, Commercial Facilities, Venture and Small Business Facilities, Open Space, Road, schools, Religious facilities, Public parking lots, etc

Timeline or Milestones

2002.10.23 Selected as a candidate for the pilot project of New Town 2003.02.25  held a community meeting. 2003.04.22 Wangsimni New Town Development Plan Announced 2004.03.04 Announcement the construction of Wangsimni New Town. 2004.12.08 Announcement of confirmation of Wangsimni New Town Development Master Plan 2007.08.13 Authorization for implementation of the project 2011.12.13 Approval for Recruitment of Occupants 2014.06   Completion and commencement of occupancy of the zone 1 2015.04   Completion and commencement of occupancy of the zone 2 2016.11    Completion and commencement of occupancy of the zone 3

Current Status

All three districts of Wangsimni New Town have been completed. Apartment villages of 5,379 households in 65 apartment buildings with 28 stories have been formed. It is close to the city center and is surrounded by various subways, attracting great attention because of its good transportation environment. On the other hand, elementary and high schools have been established in the region, but there are complaints from residents because there are no middle schools.

Lessons Learned

What is the most important take away from this case?

- Wide-area redevelopment - Green residential area in the city

Why is this case relevant today and for whom?

- redevelopment of old town

Which strategy was proved to be successful?

- Connects open space with shipping elements to form an open space network - Place public facilities that can utilize open space at the center of each block - Analysis and utilization of surrounding transportation and facilities

In your opinion, what could have improved this project?

- Need to link with history context of Wansimni

Any other comments?



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Contributor audex


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