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Gyeong-chun line forest park

Development Type: Redevelopment/Regeneration Project

Type Of Developer: Public Sector

Start Year: 2013

Address: nokcheon middle school, wolgye-dong ~ the city limit of seoul

Website: https://www.seoul.go.kr

Contributor: audex

Location

Location Description
nowon-gu

Case Report

Introduction

After the Gyeong-chun double-track railway was opened in 2010, it was left unattended and problems such as garbage and illegal parking occurred. Since then, through the creation of the park including trails using old railways, bicycle paths, and gardens, it has become a venue for communication and harmony that connects the region and residents, and a place of vitality for people to visit.

Development Info.

Development Scale: Region

Total Development Cost: 46,121 million won

Total Land Area: 184845 m2

Total Development Area: 184845 m2

Area Type: Suburban Area - Residential Area

Start Date: 2013/10/10

Opening Date: 2019/05/11

Planning Approval: park plan for the abandoned Gyeongchun Line 2007 August

Lead Developer: Seoul

Consultants: Yushin Co., Ltd, Sunjin Engineering Co., Ltd.

Background

Economic Context

Both areas, which had been separated by existing railroad tracks, are revitalizing by forming a new commercial district called "Gongridan-gil," centering on railroad parks.

Social Context

With an average of 8,000 visitors per day, it has become a local attraction visited not only by existing residents but also by outsiders, revitalizing the area. In addition, Nowon-gu residents' walking practice rate stood at 68.4 percent as of 2020, the highest in Seoul.

Environmental Context

The green area increased by 92125 m^2.  As a result, annual fine dust and carbon dioxide uptake are 106kg and 7,433 tonnes, and annual oxygen emissions are 5,371 tons. In addition, the heat temperature is about 10 degrees lower than that of the control area.

Historical Context

Most of the domestic railways were laid for Japanese colonial era resource exploitation, but the Gyeongchun Line was the first railway built with Korean capital for balanced national development. After the introduction of the diesel locomotive, it served as a service train, and in the 1970s and 1980s it was used to go on MTs or date. In 2010, the double-track subway of the Gyeongchun Line was opened and stopped operating.This history is preserved through rusty railroad tracks, ties, and breakers at crossings on the Gyeongchun Line forest trail.

The Plan

Pre-planning Efforts

Gwangju Green Road Park

Vision Statement

Gyeongchun Line Forest Road that connects the road and people and can feel the scenery and memories along the railroad

Goals and Objectives

It was an area that had been cut off and shunned in the past, it is hoped to become a venue for communication and harmony that connects the region and residents, and to be reborn as a place of vitality that visits people.

Issues and Problems

unlicensed building district, soil collapse

Benchmark Projects

N/A

Public Engagement Strategy

Nowon-gu residents formed an organization called "Gyeongchunseon People" to plan performances and markets on their own.

Financing Strategy

Seoul's budget of about 46.1 billion won

Existing Community and Residents

demolished illegal buildings

Phasing Strategy

Construction works divided by sections

The Master Plan

The formation of a linear park that maintains the historical context of the existing Gyeongchun Line and provides various programs for local residents to participate in.

Land Uses and Programs

Community gardens, train parks, bike paths, trails.

Timeline or Milestones

2007 august Establishment of a park plan for the abandoned Gyeongchun Line 2009 november Establishment of a plan for the creation of a park on the abandoned the Gyeongchun Line 2010 december Suspension of railway service on the abandoned Gyeongchun Line 2012 december Seoul Metropolitan Government-Korea Rail Network Authority Agreement on the Use of State Land 2013 october Gyeongchun Line Forest Road Initiated 2015 may Completed the first stage (1.9km from Happy House to Yuksa Samgeori) 2016 november Completed the second stage (1.2km from Nokcheon Middle School to Seoul National University of Science and Technology Entrance) 2017 october Completed the third stage (2.5km from Hwarangdae Station to the city limit of Seoul) 2019 may Completed unfinished stage (0.4km happy homes)

Current Status

It's always crowded with people out for a walk.

Lessons Learned

What is the most important take away from this case?

Insufficient separation of pedestrian and bicycle paths

Why is this case relevant today and for whom?

Pedestrians and cyclists who use the relevant park

Which strategy was proved to be successful?

a park maintained a railroad track

In your opinion, what could have improved this project?

It seems necessary to improve the environment of the walkway because the existing walkway is somewhat bumpy and is feared to get hurt.

Any other comments?

I have lived in this area alone for nearly 20 years and most people, including those around me, are very satisfied with the project.

References

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Contributor audex

audex

AUDEX is an acknowledgement that we need to start building on our own knowledge and experiences that applies to Asian cities and, perhaps, we can steer the global urbanization in the right direction. We believe in a collective intelligence. Powered by the internet and the network of professionals and experts in Asia, we propose to start by making sharing your experience and knowledge easier.