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Development Type: Central Business District

Type Of Developer: Public Sector

Start Year: 1965, 2000

Address: (complex1): 222-7, Guro-dong, Guro-gu, Seoul (complex2): 60-18, Gasan-dong, Geumcheon-gu, Seoul (complex3): 345-10 Gasan-dong, Geumcheon-gu, Seoul


Contributor: audex


Location Description
It is located in southwestern of Seoul. In terms of the administrative district, it covers Guro-dong and Gasan-dong.

Case Report


서울디지털산업단지는 수출을 통한 경제 발전을 위해 섬유·봉제 산업을 중심으로 조성된 우리나라 최초의 국가 산업 단지이다.

Development Info.

Development Scale: District

Total Development Cost: N/A

Total Land Area: 1,983,471.07㎡

Total Development Area: 1,981,552㎡

Area Type: Urban Area - Downtown/Central Business Area

Start Date: 1965/03/12

Opening Date: 1973/11/24

Planning Approval: N/A

Lead Developer: 한국산업단지공단

Consultants: N/A


Economic Context

Korea's industrialization began in the mid-1960s with export-driven growth-first policies(수출주도형성장우선정책), and its industrial structure has been reorganized into light industries until the mid-1970s, heavy industries until the early 1980s, and technology-intensive industries since the mid-1980s. As a result, Guro Industrial Complex's export competitiveness has weakened. In addition, the 1990s saw an IT venture boom worldwide. Depending on the economic situation at the time, the Korea Industrial Complex Corporation created an IT-oriented venture ecosystem through advanced plans.

Social Context

In the 1980s, the emergence of new protectionism made it difficult to export, and uncertainties increased due to unstable international interest rates, oil prices and exchange rates. In 1988 and 1989, labor disputes spread, and some multinational companies began to withdraw. Factories of non-urban industries, including pollution-causing industries in Seoul, were preferentially relocated to Ansan by the government's order, and many pollution-causing companies in Guro Industrial Complex were relocated.

Environmental Context

In the early 1960s, Guro-dong was a refugee camp where people moved from urban areas due to redevelopment in central Seoul stayed, making 90 percent of the total area state-owned and 10 percent private land. It was designated as a national industrial complex under the "Export Industrial Complex Development Act" in 1964 and has low land prices as a semi-industrial area. It is also located in the downtown area of Yeongdeungpo. It is the nodule of the transportation axis between Gyeongin Line and Gyeongbu Line. Siheung-daero, Seobu Expressway, and West Coast Expressway are easy to access. The distance from the airport is also short. In addition, public transportation provides access to Gangnam, Yeouido and downtown areas within 30 minutes. It has favorable conditions for fostering high-tech industries that are advantageous for the location of large cities.

Historical Context

G-Valley was called ‘Guro Industrial Complex’ originally. Guro Industrial Complex was the first national industrial complex where produced most of the exports. Textiles, wigs, and sewing industries were the main ones. In 1970s and 1980s,  Guro Industrial Complex contributed to economical development of Seoul as more than 10% of the total national exports were produced from here. However, as the industrial structure changes, labor-intensive industries, such as textiles, wigs, and sewing industries, moved their factories to Southeastern Asia, China and the rural areas where labor costs were relatively low. Active response was needed to this phenomenon of hollowing out conventional industry.

The Plan

Pre-planning Efforts

구양미. (2002). 구로공단 (서울디지털산업단지) 산업구조 재편에 관한 연구. 서울대학교 대학원 석사학위논문 조영석. (2005). 산업단지 중심의 혁신클러스터 형성전망과 과제: 서울디지털산업단지를 사례로. 한국지역개발학회지, 17(1), 73-90. 김인중. (2007). 대구시 도심 산업단지의 재생방안 세미나; 서울 디지털산업단지의 역사와 미래-산업단지 구조고도화 (혁신클러스터화)-. 영남지역발전연구, 36, 81-110. 최석진. (2007). 서울디지털산업단지의 구조고도화에 따른 지역적 파급효과분석 (Doctoral dissertation, 한양대학교).

Vision Statement

전통제조업의 지식, 정보화와 IT의 산업화 신산업 발전을 위한 디지털 인프라, 혁신네트워크(CIS) 구축 Off-Line․On-Line 결합으로 기업의 토탈경영을 지원

Goals and Objectives

구로산단의 경쟁력 창출 제조벤처의 창업-성장-확장 교류의 메카 구로산업단지의 디지털 인프라의 구축 On-Line, Off-Line상의 혁신 시스템 구축 도시기반과 연계된 지산 복합단지 조성

Issues and Problems

과거 단순 노동집약산업에서 기술집약적 산업으로 전환 인프라의 저하

Benchmark Projects

1984년 도쿄 인근의 가나와현 가와사키사가 철강 및 중공업의 쇠퇴에 대응해 공동화된 도심지 공업 지역을 첨단 산업으로 재생시킨 사례 (서울디지털산업단지 구조화 계획(산업 구조 자체 변화 도심 공업 지역 재생시도))

Public Engagement Strategy


Financing Strategy


Existing Community and Residents


Phasing Strategy

업종의 고도화 고부가 가치화 디지털인프라구축(On-Off Line 통합 네트워크) 산단혁신네트워트구축(CIS) STP(서울테크노파크) 조성 지산복합단지 기반구축 KICOX벤터센터 2단계 건설 등 집적시설 확충

The Master Plan


Land Uses and Programs

G밸리 근로자 문화복지센터(근로자기숙사, 청소년쉼터, 사물지능통신종합지원센터), 복합주거시설 건립사업(도시형생활주택, 오피스텔, 근생시설), G-SQUARE 건립사업(업무시설, 근생시설, 문화 및 집회시설 등), 가산동 지식산업센터 건립사업(지식산업센터, 기숙사, 근린생활시설), 가산동 오피스텔 건립사업(오피스텔), 가산동 LH 청년 매입임대주택 건립사업(오피스텔), 가산동 SH 매입임대 주택 건립사업(오피스텔), 가산드립허브 건립사업(오피스텔)

Timeline or Milestones

2015.03. ~ 2017.12. 복합주거시설 건립사업 2017.02 ~ 2019.09. G-SQUARE 건립사업 2018.02. ~2020.07. G밸리 근로자 문화복지센터

Current Status


Lessons Learned

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Contributor audex


AUDEX is an acknowledgement that we need to start building on our own knowledge and experiences that applies to Asian cities and, perhaps, we can steer the global urbanization in the right direction. We believe in a collective intelligence. Powered by the internet and the network of professionals and experts in Asia, we propose to start by making sharing your experience and knowledge easier.