CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Hall was built to commemorate Chun Tae-il, a symbol of the Korean labor movement. Chun Tae-il was a person who protested against the reality of Korean labor in 1970, and the project was carried out to protect the human rights of modern workers and convey the true value and meaning of labor by inheriting his spirit. The project, which began with the proposal of the CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Society(전태일 재단), was accelerated by the Seoul Metropolitan Council in 2015, and was opened on April 30, 2019 after the purchase of the building, the status quo design contest, and remodeling work. The building is an Adaptive Reuse that remodeled the Seoul Bank(Branch of Supyo), designed by Kim Jung-soo in 1962, and the road from the memorial hall to Chun Tae-il Bridge, statue, Pyeonghwa market(평화시장), and Myeongdo Café(명도카페) reveals a scene of Korean history and still needs labor rights. The memorial not only exists as a historical symbol but also plays a variety of roles in human rights development. It provides educational programs such as labor rights education and conducts labor rights experience tours to convey unchanged values to citizens while creating a 'labor hub' to sponsor Seoul-based workers' organizations. Also, through the Seoul Labor Rights Center(서울노동권익센터), the government is striving to promote the welfare of vulnerable people. The project is valuable in that it records a part of Korean history while conveying the true value that the city should pursue. Workers' rights and interests are protected, and welfare is promoted, and the building is expected to serve as a control tower.
Development Scale: Building
Total Development Cost: 23,768,000,000₩
Total Land Area: 553.1㎡
Total Development Area: Building Area(건축면적): 429.59㎡/Total Floor Area(연면적): 1919.53㎡/Building Coverage Ratio: 77.67%/Floor Area Ratio: 347.05%
Area Type: Urban Area - Urban Retail Area
Start Date: 2015/11/01
Opening Date: 2019/04/30
Planning Approval: Approval of business plan and budget plan for operation of CHUN TAE-IL labor complex facilities(전태일 노동복합시설 운영 사업계획 및 예산안 승인) (2018.09.17)
Lead Developer: CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Society (재단법인 전태일재단) & Seoul Metropolitan Council (서울시 의회)
Consultants: "●Approval: Seoul Mayor Park Won-soon, Seoul City Officials ●Design: Yoon Jung-won Architect and How Architecture Office ●Construction: Today Construction Co., Ltd ●Elevation Design: Lim Ok-sang Designer ●Consultant: Culture and Arts Committee, Textbook Video Advisory Committee, Labor History Advisory Council, Chyeonggye Workers' Union, Labor Activists "
CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Society had difficulty securing a budget for the construction of a memorial hall. In 2015, Mayor Park Won-soon declared a special city for labor respect and promised to improve treatment for workers. The foundation persuaded Mayor Park Won-soon to secure about 4 billion won as a regional special budget for the construction of the memorial. Since then, an additional budget of 18 billion won has been secured and construction has been carried out through the process of reviewing the feasibility of the project.
About 40 years after Chun Tae-il criticized Korea's labor reality, the labor problem still emerged as a big problem in society. It was a time when the human rights of workers were not protected, and the supply and demand of jobs were unstable enough to create a new term for '중규직', raising voices for improving the treatment of workers. In response, Mayor Park Won-soon declared a special city for labor respect, and additionally, the Seoul Labor Rights Center has been in operation since 2015. As a result, the project was launched with the Foundation on the back of the need for a place to protect workers' rights and promote welfare and the accessible Seoul Labor Rights Center.
Gwansu-dong is a place where many small commercial workers, including Sewoon Shopping Center and Pyeonghwa Market, are gathered. It is also the place where Chunn Tae-il protested against his alter ego, and where Chun Tae-il statue production conducted by the Foundation before the establishment of the memorial hall and Chun Tae-il Bridge are located. The foundation, which aimed for Chun Tae-il Street with a memorial hall, statue, and bridge, embodied its ideas using Cheonggyecheon Stream, which became a walking path for citizens, and decided to remodel the existing Seoul Bank's Supyo Branch. The area has good access to subways, buses, and walking, and there are parks around it, which also include many rest areas.
Pyeonghwa Market is a place of symbolism and historicity where workers fought for their labor rights in the 60s and 70s. In particular, Chun Tae-il committed suicide on November 13, 1970, criticizing the labor situation in Korea. First established in 1981 to honor his dedication, the CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Committee delivered the need for labor rights that are still valid through efforts to produce films, statues in 35 cycles, and proclaim the Chun Tae-il Bridge in 40 cycles. Afterwards, they established the Chun Tae-il Foundation and were planning to establish a memorial hall. Just in time, the budget had been secured and the project began in earnest.
Prior to full-fledged approval and budget delivery, the project was evaluated as well as investigating the status of labor rights in Korea. Operation of the Seoul Labor Rights Center (2015~) Formulation of a special budget for the construction of the Seoul Metropolitan Government Council (November 2015) Feasibility evaluation of research services related to the construction of the CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Hall(June~November 2016) Site of the memorial (during 2016)
Creating a space to commemorate Chun Tae-il, who played a leading role in Korean labor history and facilities to protect the rights and interests of vulnerable workers (https://yesan.seoul.go.kr/)
Continuously raising the need to create a space to commemorate Chun Tae-il, who opened the labor movement Creating landmarks for historical and cultural resources such as sewing museums(봉제박물관) and Pyeonghwa markets Strengthening the function of the labor rights center as a control tower. (https://yesan.seoul.go.kr/)
According to an interview with Lee Soo-ho, former head of the CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Hall in 2019, political issues have been a big hindrance to the project as it is a project that is directly in line with historical events and the value of labor. Political ideological conflicts exist The instability of the chairmanship of the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions The selection of sites (Daehangno-ro vs Cheonggye-cheon) The issue of securing budgets.
It encouraged citizens to participate in the construction process, and the functions of the building were also made for citizens. Citizen's Contest for the Name of the Memorial: 1,300 participants Citizens' preference surveys and polls Various consultants (Culture and Arts Committee, Textbook and Video Advisory Committee, Labor History Advisory Council, Cheonggye Workers' Union, Labor Activists) Education programs like labor rights education Chun Tae-il Labor Human Rights Experience Tour
The foundation resolved the insufficient project costs through connection with the Seoul Metropolitan Council, and the steps were subdivided and carried out sequentially to increase the efficiency of budget operation. 4 billion won in the special regional budget of the Seoul Metropolitan Council (2015) Establishment of statues, bridges, and memorials sequentially 180 billion won by securing additional budgets after evaluating their feasibility (2016)
As it is a project for workers, it includes many functions to promote and support the welfare of workers based in Seoul. Labor Hub: Seoul-based Labor Union Sponsorship Worker Health Promotion Center: Labor Health Diagnosis Support Seoul Labor Rights Center: Promoting the welfare of vulnerable workers, protecting the rights and interests of workers
It may be divided into pre, mid, and post-construction stages. Pre-step: Feasibility Study Service of the Memorial, Site Selection Mid-step: Establishment of the Memorial Construction Promotion Committee, Competition for Status Design, Citizen Name Contest, Modelling Construction Post-step: Management of the Memorial and Operation of Various Programs;
According to Yoon Jung-won, architect of the memorial hall, there are three concepts of building design. First, dialogues between cities and buildings: red clay tiles (historical meaning), transparent glass (Interaction) Second, between floors, similar uses: vertical distribution of space, utilization of void space Third, between rooms, people-to-people dialogue: expandable module system Appearance(Elevation): Applying petition to Chun Tae-il's work supervisor.
Building is used by the floor. 1st floor: Lobby, Storage, Machine Room 2nd floor: Woollimteo (울림터; Performance hall), Storage 3rd floor: Yumteo (이음터; Constant exhibition hall), Dreamteo (꿈터; City exhibition hall) 4th floor: Labor Hub, Office Space 5th floor: Seoul Labor Rights Center(서울노동권익센터) 6th floor: Office space and rooftop garden
Foundation: Chun Tae-il Memorial Committee (1981.12.14.) Chun Tae-il Memorial Foundation (1984.08.28.) CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Society (2009.07.17) Project: Seoul Metropolitan Council Special Budgeting and Construction Promotion (2015.11.) Memorial Feasibility Study Service (2016.06~11.) Memorial Site Selection (2016) Commencement Committee 기념관건립추진위원회 발족(2017.08.30.) Basic Design Plan Remodeling construction start(2018.03.09.) CHUN TAE-IL Memorial Hall opening (2019.04. 30.)
The project was completed and officially opened on April 30, 2019 after its temporary opening on April 20, 2019. Opening (2019.04.30) Operation (2019.04.30.~): Exhibitions, performances, welfare, affairs, events, etc.
As the project faced historical events and symbols, it could almost remain just an ineffective memorial, but it is most meaningful in that it combined with programs such as the Seoul Labor Rights Center, the Labor Hub, and the Workers' Health Promotion Center. In addition, as the purpose of the project includes a function to inform citizens of the importance, the active use of citizens in the establishment process and operation plan is an example of a good urban project. The fact that the new building was not created in the establishment of the memorial hall, but the use of existing buildings, seems to have a synergy effect as it seems to indicate the combination of the historical characteristics of the project and the historical characteristics of the city.
In 1970, Chun Tae-il criticized the labor reality through an alter ego protest, and in 2019, the Chun Tae-il Foundation again informed the importance of labor rights through the construction of a memorial hall. But there are still many people who are vulnerable to labor rights, including foreign workers, children's heads, and the elderly. They need help, and the project is working on a programs that help them. It will be a great help to them. Also, if even ordinary citizens do not know labor rights, values, and meanings, it is thought to play a big role in forming a heart for mature cities.
Realistically, the process of securing the budget is most important because it determines whether the project exists or not. However, the interesting thing about this project is that it exists in the remodeling process of the building. The design of the building was carried out through the design award, and an alternative was adopted to connect the city and the building spatially. In particular, Building's appearance is decorated with a petition to the labor supervisor, recording a scene of history and attracting citizens' interest. The fact that the name of the building was decided through a public contest also seems to show the connection between the building and the city.
As a result of visiting the site, accessibility is very good, but there is a limit to using the facility directly, because there is no large space and there is a very lack of parking space. Considering that citizens use electric kickboards and bicycles these days, I think providing small places like stops for them can have a good impact on urban transportation. Actually, large open space is most important.
The project, which was carried out through cooperation between the foundation and the Seoul Metropolitan Government, has great implications for us in the present era. Presence alone evokes a scene in history and shows respect for urban workers. Moreover, there are many programs provided for Seoul-based workers and citizens functionally, which is considered to have great potential social value. It is not easy to comfort the workers who lead the city on the urban level. They are used to avoiding situations mainly by using numerical rather than physical ones, such as using events, short programs, or budgeting. However, the project is playing a more realistic role, using historical symbols to implement physical forms and modify the vision to suit the situation. Of course, as the ultimate goal of the Chun Tae-il Memorial Society was the establishment of the memorial hall, we will have to wait and see what happens after its establishment. But I think it has been a valuable project so far.