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아현뉴타운

Development Type: New Town Developmnet

Type Of Developer: Public Corporation

Start Year: 2003

Address: 633 Ahyeon-dong, Mapo-gu, Seoul, Korea

Website: http://ebook.seoul.go.kr/Viewer/HSL35P98WOMH

Contributor: audex

Location

Location Description
At the center of the site is Ssangryongsan Park, which is centered on Hanseo Elementary School, Sungmun High School, Seoul Girls' High School, Hansae Cyber Security High School, and Ahyeon Elementary School. In addition, there are green areas and Nogosan Mountain in the apartment complex, and Mapo Art Center as a cultural infrastructure. Near the site are Sogang University, Ewha Women's University, Yonsei University, and Hongik University, and Daeheung Station, Gongdeok Station, Aeogae Station, Ahyeon Station and Haehae Station are located near the site, and Line 2 and 5 are passing through the site.

Case Report

Introduction

Ahyeon New Town officially refers to the eight districts of Gongdeok-dong, Ahyeon-dong, and Yeomni-dong, which were designated as the second New Town project zones on November 18, 2003, and refers to all newly built complexes in Gongdeok-dong, Ahyeon-dong, Singongdeok-dong, and Yeomni-dong. The area has been heavily underdeveloped since Japanese colonial era, but redevelopment projects have been carried out due to demand for redevelopment as the metropolitan subway network has expanded. The redevelopment was a project aimed at considering deformities, culture, history, and texts to move from simple residential-centered redevelopment to save the area and satisfy the needs of citizens to the fullest. The project was announced as the fastest basic plan among the second New Town areas, indicating that the Seoul Metropolitan Government and Mapo-gu District have a strong will to redevelop. Ahyeon New Town was a mixture of reconstruction and redevelopment projects, and the ratio of detached houses and apartments was adjusted from 80% and 20% to 20% and 80% to expand the ratio of green areas and public facilities. The planned goal was to reflect the locality of the central park and the hillside, and to become a walking-oriented nature-friendly new town as a living street connecting the entire town. Ahyeon Overpass disappeared after 46 years, and the appearance of local commercial districts has changed. In the past, the appearance close to the slums disappeared, high-rise buildings and infrastructure disappeared, and the bad sides of the city disappeared. But this is not the only good thing. Damage from real estate speculation, partial redevelopment, has caused conflicts among residents, and has resulted in the removal of existing residents and merchants.

Development Info.

Development Scale: Town

Total Development Cost: N/A

Total Land Area: 1,156,000m2

Total Development Area: 1,088,000m2(2003.11.18) 768,628.5m2(2016.08.11)- Average floor area ratio 250

Area Type: Urban Area - Urban Residential Area

Start Date: 2003/11/18

Opening Date: 2015/11/01

Planning Approval: N/A

Lead Developer: SH 공사

Consultants: 삼성물산, GS건설, 대우건설

Background

Economic Context

After Japanese colonial era and the Korean War, immigrants and poor people began to live in the Ahyeon area, making it a difficult development area. The development of the residential environment did not take place, making it an aging and poor area, allowing only the minimum level of living maintenance. The Sinchon area is a project to become a development-oriented area in Seoul, redeveloping these old areas to break down the walls of existing residents and surrounding areas.

Social Context

Since the 1970s, regional imbalance between Gangnam and Gangbuk has been serious. In the early 1990s, the imbalance between Gangnam and Gambuk was recognized as an urban problem, and in the 2000s, housing prices in Gangnam soared and became a serious social problem. It is a project to systematically improve old housing sites in Gangbuk area to solve imbalance between regions.

Environmental Context

Due to the reckless development of detached houses, the proportion of green areas before redevelopment was only 0.05%. This was also related to the quality of life of the residents, and it also damaged the urban landscape due to the characteristics of sites with higher levels than the surrounding geography.

Historical Context

In the past, the area of Ahyeon, where the terrain was hilly and farmers could not settle, was mainly composed of poor people, and the Ahyeon area was mainly composed of detached houses due to the housing improvement project in the 1970s. The road conditions were not good as small units of houses were densely built, but alleys between buildings were formed.

The Plan

Pre-planning Efforts

아현뉴타운 개발구상안

Vision Statement

A city where people, nature, and culture coexist, and a "complex life culture town" containing the future.-아현뉴타운 개발구상안

Goals and Objectives

Human-friendly towns (-Establishment of architectural plans for the coexistence of indigenous and new residents. -Realization of social integration between households and apartments. -Creating a pedestrian -Centered living area with various activities and exchanges), Environmentally friendly towns (-Creating a circular street system that adapts to hilly terrain and integrates the entire district. - Establishing a main-dong layout and park green area plan considering urban cultivation and circular terrain. -Establishing a green network that organically links walking spaces and resting areas.), Culture-friendly towns (-Development of various cultural contents reflecting the history and culture of the region. -Planning of complex cultural facilities considering the living area system. -Promoting complexity by combining public, educational, and cultural programs) -아현뉴타운 개발구상안

Issues and Problems

Geographical disconnections and segments according to the development of sub-level sloping terrain and individual apartments, No natural elements, such as poor quality of road conditions, green areas and hydroponic elements, within the Earth, High tenant ratio, Complex interests of residents and various developers, Overlapping with urban functions by accommodating commercial complex functions, Status of High Population Density and Low Use Areas

Benchmark Projects

1차뉴타운지구(ex. 은평뉴타운)

Public Engagement Strategy

N/A

Financing Strategy

N/A

Existing Community and Residents

Time development: sustainable development by adopting a private-led business method and applying a 'sequential' business method - Seeking urban development sequentially by stage -Develop sustainable development that encompasses progressivity, initiative, modelability and autonomy - Timely consideration for residents' re-establishment Space development: urban spatial reconstruction with themes with the introduction of various development methods - Initiative of themed strategies linked to sequential expense planning - Introduction of development and management methods that can be derived from current urban development-related laws.

Phasing Strategy

Ahyeon New Town Project Zone Designation→Master Architect Team Establishment→Request for basic plan establishment and approval→Approval of basic plan and priority project implementation zone→Implementation of urban plan decision→Project approval and implementation→Distribution

The Master Plan

The number of households was maintained, but the number of detached houses was reduced from 45,700 to 50,000 the proportion of detached houses, the number of apartments was increased, the roads were expanded by 20%, and the number of parking lots was increased. In the center of the central sky park, between the apartment houses and Nogosan Mountain were used as green areas. The government has increased public infrastructure (schools, police stations, post offices, etc.) to an appropriate level compared to the population and increased cultural facilities to realize its vision.

Land Uses and Programs

Public housing, detached houses, commercial areas, complex facilities, social welfare, public buildings, parks, cultural facilities, public facilities, markets, parking lots, pedestrian roads.

Timeline or Milestones

Select New Town Period 2002: Establishment of balanced regional development promotion team New Town Expansion Timing 2003-2005: Announcing 12 second new town districts. Timing for the Transition to the Renewal Promotion Zone 2005-2007: Proposed a new town dpecial bill because of the lack of legal basis in the process and the inability of various mitigation measures to efficiently implement projects. Construction started in 2008~n

Current Status

Most of the districts have been completed, but 4, 5 areas of Ahyeon are under construction.

Lessons Learned

What is the most important take away from this case?

It is rarely seen before redevelopment, and even the remaining buildings have problems such as road expansion or conflicts between existing residents, merchants and implementers due to reconstruction. In addition, the overall rise in housing prices forced migration to the original population, and the redevelopment was expected to increase real estate prices, but there were people who were damaged because they did not rise.

Why is this case relevant today and for whom?

Indigenous people and merchants

Which strategy was proved to be successful?

The aging housing and urban landscape have been improved, and problems such as odors, transportation, and crime prevention have been solved

In your opinion, what could have improved this project?

It is likely that proper compensation will be needed through conversation between residents and contractors or relief through policy improvement. In addition, if someone has to go with great risks, such as real estate investment, reasonable consumption is necessary due to detailed education.

Any other comments?

It is said to be suitable for investment. Although problems arose in the process and outcome of the project, I believe that the goal of the project has been achieved to some extent. I think it's a good project to fill the development-driven Daldongne with appropriate programs.

References

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Contributor audex

audex

AUDEX is an acknowledgement that we need to start building on our own knowledge and experiences that applies to Asian cities and, perhaps, we can steer the global urbanization in the right direction. We believe in a collective intelligence. Powered by the internet and the network of professionals and experts in Asia, we propose to start by making sharing your experience and knowledge easier.